Last update : 28.10.2010
International bioenergy transport costs and energy balance
Copernicus Institute, Utrecht University
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To supply biomass from production areas to energy importing regions, long distance international transport is necessary, implying more complex logistics, extra costs, energy consumption and material losses compared to local utilisation. A broad variety of supply chains can be envisioned, comprising different biomass production systems, pretreatment and conversion operations, and transport of raw and refined biomass and liquid bio-derived fuels. A tool was developed to consistently compare the wide variety of possible chains and assess the influence of key parameters such as distance, timing and scale. Scenarios for European and Latin American biomass and biomass derived energy carriers delivered to Western Europe were analysed using generic data. The tool also allows for analysis of specific cases.
Added on 17 November 2008
Documents on the topic of biofuels (292 documents)
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